Bactrian Camel

Bactrian Camel

Camelus bactrianus

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Quick Facts
Height: 7.5' at hump
Length: 10'
Weight: 1,000 to 1,600 lbs
Wild diet: Grass, leaves, shrubs, thorns, and saltbush
Zoo Diet: Hay, carrots, and herbivore grain
Distribution: Western China, Gobi Desert, and Mongolia
Habitat: Desert, grassland, valleys, and canyons in mountainous areas

Bactrian camels are large, two-humped camels. They have a large head, a long curved neck, and shaggy, light to dark brown hair on the chin, shoulders, legs, and humps. They grow a dense winter coat and shed it in large raggedy patches during the spring and summer months. Bactrian camels have long legs and large padded feet. Their broad feet are equally adapted to walking on snow and sand. Camels have two rows of eyelashes, which protect their eyes during dust and snow storms. The camels’ nostrils can open and close to protect them during hot, dusty desert treks or in cold and freezing weather.

Status in the Wild

Bactrian camels are native to Mongolia and China. Major threats to the wild Bactrian camel include subsistence hunting, increased predation by wolves and hybridization, and highly toxic illegal mining.

Conservation Programs
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